Activities

Reading comprehension

The objective of this activity is to practise the comprehension of a written text and write the answers in well-structured and complete sentences.

Read the following text and answer the questions below.

Television installations

Television is one of the most influential forces on a country’s population nowadays, as practically all the homes have at least one television set. In Spain, people spend on average between two and four hours sitting in front of the TV.

There has been a great revolution in the world of TV recently, similar to the change produced by the introduction of colour. The change from analogue TV to the new digital TV has introduced many improvements both in the quality of sound and image and in the size and portability of television sets. Apart from that, the appearance of a great variety of thematic channels has widened the user’s choice and has allowed to cover a great variety of interests.

The now old-fashioned cathode ray tube (CRT) sets normally receive analogue signals over the air by means of the antenna, which takes the signal to the TV set, where it is translated into image and sound. The signal can reach the TV set through a cable or via satellite.

Nowadays most television sets on sale are digital. These use digital signals, which improve the quality of the transmission. Such technological evolution is usually called Digital Terrestrial Television (DTT) because it broadcasts land-based (terrestrial) signals, which are received by the antenna.

The transition from analogue to digital television has now been completed. The technological blackout has taken place. Apart from the obvious advantages of digital television, one of the reasons for the change was to make space in the radio spectrum for police and other safety communications.

With the switch to digital television, many people may want to buy a new, and more expensive, high-definition television (HDTV) set, but it is not necessary to do so. If you still use an older analogue television set, you will need a digital-to-analogue converter to watch television.

The installation of a television system in a house is quite simple. The digital signal travels in the air and it is picked up by the antenna set up on an elevated position, normally on the roof of a house or the top of a building. A cable then connects the antenna with the home. This requires the installation of an antenna socket, where you plug in the antenna plug. This cable takes the digital signal to the converter box, where it is changed into an analogue signal. The converted signal travels to the TV set via another cable, which is connected to the TV aerial socket. The electrical power needed for the TV to work is supplied by the electrical installation of the building, so the TV set must be plugged in to a power point.

Comprehension questions:

  1. What was the effect of the change from analogue to digital TV?
  2. How does the CRT receive analogue signals?
  3. What is the DTT and how does it broadcast the signals?
  4. How can you decode the signal if you have an old TV?
  5. Explain how the implementation of digital TV has affected your life.

  1. The effect of digital TV was similar to the one produced with the change from black and white to colour TV, as many improvements have been introduced both in the quality of sound and image and the size and portability of television sets. Apart from that, if offers a wider choice of channels and different areas of interest.
  2. The CRT sets receive analogue signals over the air by means of the antenna, which takes the signal to the TV set, where it is translated into image and sound.
  3. DTT is a technology called Digital Terrestrial Television, and it broadcasts land-based (terrestrial) signals, which are received by the antenna.
  4. If you have an old TV, you can decode the signal by using a digital-to-analogue converter.
  5. It has had a positive effect, as I can enjoy watching different types of programmes, movies, football matches, etc. depending on my mood. In addition, I can change the language and add subtitles, and I must say it is a powerful tool to learn foreign languages.

Word order

The objective of this activity is to be aware of the correct order of words in English sentences.

Put the words in the following sentences in the correct order. It’s not necessary to add or change any words.

  1. You do like my house new?
  2. I an email Mr Smith sent.
  3. Here please down sit.
  4. He speak well quite English can.
  5. We in 1962 to the city moved.
  6. He busy is. He Mr Jones talking is to.
  7. I do like not in the morning at 5 getting up.
  8. I in my job visit often houses other people’s.

  1. Do you like my new house?
  2. I sent Mr Smith an email.
  3. Sit down here, please. / Please, sit down here.
  4. He can speak English quite well.
  5. We moved to the city in 1962.
  6. He is busy. He is talking to Mr Jones.
  7. I do not like getting up at 5 in the morning.
  8. In my job, I often visit other people’s houses / I often visit other people’s houses in my job.

Question structure

The aim of this activity is to be aware of the correct structure in English sentences.

Write the questions that correspond to these answers:

Example: My name is John. - What is your name?

1. I live in London

Where do you live?

2. Yes, I am a teacher.

Are you a teacher?

3. That is Mr Spencer.

Who is that?

4. I arrived last week.

When did you arrive?

5. No, I can’t speak German.

Can you speak German?

6. Oh, yes, I like reading very much.

Do you like reading?

The passive voice

The objective of this activity is to be aware of the use of the passive voice in texts and practise the formation of the verb tenses.

The following text will sound more natural if you use the passive voice instead of the active voice. All the underlined examples have indefinite subjects, so the passive voice is preferred. Rewrite the text changing the sentences in bold type from the active into the passive voice.

People normally believe that good qualifications and a long experience are the most important aspects to get a job when there is a lot of competition. But people should also consider another aspect. If they offer you a job and must go to an interview, remember to dress appropriately and show a good aspect. They have shown good looks to be the main reason for choosing a candidate, even above qualifications and experience. They will choose a good-looking person instead of an intelligent, but queer-looking person. So remember, next time they call you to go to a job interview, be careful with your aspect.

Answer:

It is normally believed that good qualifications and a long experience are the most important aspects to get a job when there is a lot of competition. But another aspect should also be considered. If you are offered a job and must go to an interview, remember to dress appropriately and show a good aspect. Good looks have been shown to be the main reason for choosing a candidate, even above qualifications and experience. A good-looking person will be chosen instead of an intelligent, but queer-looking person. So remember, next time you are called to go to a job interview, be careful with your aspect.

Making requests

The objective of this activity is to be conscious of the different expressions used to make requests and write down the appropriate sentences.

Read the following situations and then write an appropriate request for each one, as in the example (make sure that you choose the most appropriate request for each situation):

Example: You are reading at home and the television is very loud. Turn down the television!

  1. You’ve got a headache.
  2. The air conditioning is very high and you’re cold.
  3. A person is talking to you but you don’t understand what he/she is saying.
  4. You need help to move a table.
  5. You need to go shopping but you have no time.
  6. You want to eat in a restaurant but you don’t like going alone.

Suggested answers:

  1. Can you stop shouting, please?
  2. Could you turn down the air conditioning, please? It’s very cold.
  3. Would you speak louder?
  4. Can you help me move this table?
  5. Will you go shopping for me, please?
  6. Could you come with me, please?

Anar a la pàgina anterior:
Antennas
Anar a la pàgina següent:
Self-correcting exercises