Activities

Reading comprehension

The objective of this activity is to practise the comprehension of a written text and write the answers in well-structured and complete sentences.

Read the following text and then answer the questions below.

Working abroad

As we all, from time to time, feel the urge to change our life, the decisions we take can often be attempts to remodel our world, whether the wish for changes are relatively small or challengingly big – like moving house. But there’s moving house, and then there’s moving country, and one of the most daunting aspects of deciding to move abroad is that it’s really many rather big decisions rolled into one.

New country? Check. New Job? Check. New car? Check. New house? Check… In many ways you’ll be starting from scratch, putting together that new and (hopefully) improved version of your life piece by piece. But the first and biggest decision to make is where to go. When it comes to deciding where to go, would-be escapees generally fall into two camps: those who know where to go and how to make it happen, and those who know what they want to achieve but not where to go and how to realize what they want.

To help focus the minds of those who can visualize departing, but are not sure of where they will be arriving, we’ve provided a few pointers to help you answer the following questions: Where? Why? When? How?

In the last ten years there has been a spike of migrants and skilled workers moving in their droves to Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the USA. All four countries can offer new arrivals great job prospects and a new and rewarding lifestyle.

So, how do you decide which country is best for you? It really comes down to your own aspirations and what you want to achieve from moving to a new country.

You will probably have many reasons for wanting to move to another country, most people will consider climate, lifestyle and employment opportunities and if they have a family, schooling facilities and infrastructure.

Again, your reasons for moving abroad will be very personal to you, but you must consider all of these things when choosing where to go to ensure the country you choose will tick as many boxes as possible.

There are many factors that will affect when you move. These will include how long it will take for you to settle up all your affairs in your home country, if you receive a job offer in the country you choose to move to, and most importantly, the time it will take for your visa to be granted.

No two visa applications are equal – and neither is the time they take to be processed. Once you’ve decided which country is best for you, take a look at the visa regulations of your chosen country.

When you’ve chosen the country you want to move to, ensure you get all the information about the country. Learn about the country’s facts, visa guides, and information on employment, cost of living, finding a home, international & pet shipping, health services & insurance, money & tax, and pension information.

So, now that you’ve been given a starting point, you are a little more prepared to start a new life abroad.

Good luck and safe journey!

Adapted from www.workingabroad.net

Questions:

  1. Why do people sometimes want to change their lives, according to the text?
  2. Which is the first and most important decision you have to take when you decide to move to another country?
  3. What two types of people does the text identify?
  4. What are some of the reasons people consider before choosing the country to move to?
  5. What things do you need to consider to decide the right moment of moving abroad?

Suggested answers:

  1. According to the text, they want to change their lives because they are trying to remodel their world.
  2. The first and most important decision is where to go.
  3. There are those who know where to go and how to make it happen, and those who know what they want to achieve but not where to go and how to realize what they want.
  4. Some of the reasons are climate, lifestyle and employment opportunities and, if they have a family, schooling facilities and infrastructure.
  5. You need to consider how long it will take for you to settle up all your affairs in your home country, if you receive a job offer in the country you choose to move to, and the time it will take for your visa to be granted.

Speaking: making suggestions

The objective of this activity is to practise the speaking skills by making some suggestions.

Read the following sentences and then make an appropriate suggestion for each one. Record your answer and then listen to it to check your pronunciation.

  1. I need to learn English.
  2. We’re all very tired.
  3. I’m quite depressed.
  4. I can’t find a job.
  5. Isn’t it very cold in this room?
  6. I feel alone.

Now listen to different suggestions and respond to each one in an appropriate way. You can agree or disagree with the suggestion given.

Note: there’s no correct answer to this question. To check your pronunciation, type your answers in the text editor in the ‘Text-to-speech’ website and then listen to the pronunciation. Practise as much as you want by repeating the words that you hear.

Listening comprehension

The aim of this activity is to check your listening comprehension by listening to a text.

Listen to the text and then answer the questions:

Job interviews ( 881.7 KB )

  1. Does the speaker always get the job when he goes to a job interview?
  2. What is very important for a job interview?
  3. Why does the interviewer wear his best suit, arrives early and smiles when he comes into the interview room?
  4. Should you ask any questions during a job interview?
  5. How do you learn interview technique?

Suggested answers:

  1. No, sometimes he does and sometimes he doesn’t.
  2. It’s very important to prepare. / …to be confident. / …to make sure the interviewer knows you really want the job.
  3. Because first impressions are very important.
  4. Yes, we should have a few good questions to ask at the end of the interview.
  5. You learn it over time.

Transcription:

Job interviews are always hit and miss for me. Sometimes I have a great interview and get the job. Other times, my interview bombs and I don’t get the job. It’s really important to prepare. You must also be confident and make sure the interviewer knows you really want the job. The trick is to make the interviewer think you are the best person for the job. I always wear my best suit and arrive early. I always smile when I walk into the interview room. First impressions are very important. It’s also a good idea to talk about your experiences - sell yourself. Make sure you have a few good questions to ask at the end of the interview. Interview technique is something we learn over time – you get to relax more the more interviews you have.

The first conditional

The objective of this activity is to practise the use of first conditional sentences in a specific context and to check your written expression.

Remember that first conditional sentences are used to talk about real conditions. Say what you will do in these situations:

What will you do…

  1. …if you don’t understand a word in an English text?
  2. …if you want to practise your spoken English?
  3. …if you ever go to London on holiday?
  4. …if you can’t pass the final exams?
  5. …if it rains at the weekend and you can’t go out?
  6. …if you buy a mobile phone and it doesn’t work?

Suggested answers:

  1. I will look it up in a dictionary.
  2. I will speak with a native speaker.
  3. I will visit the British Museum.
  4. I will try again next time.
  5. I will stay at home and watch television.
  6. I will take it back to the shop.

The second conditional

The objective of this activity is to practise the use of second conditional sentences in their specific context and to check your written expression.

Remember that second conditional sentences are used to talk about hypothetical or imaginary conditions. Say what you would do in the following situations:

What would you do…

  1. …if you had a lot of money?
  2. …if you were the Prime Minister in your country?
  3. …if you were born again?
  4. …if you lost your job?
  5. …if somebody stole your passport in another country?
  6. …if you had to work all night?

Suggested answers:

  1. I would buy a flat in the city centre.
  2. I would protect workers.
  3. I would do the same things.
  4. I would try to find another job.
  5. I would go to the police.
  6. I would sleep all morning.

Defining words

The objective of this activity is to practise the use of relative sentences to make definitions of words.

Write a definition of the following concepts by using a relative sentence, as in the example. You can use an online dictionary like Wordreference if you need to look up a definition:

Example: The IOC - The IOC is a school which offers online courses.

  1. A cinema
  2. A firefighter
  3. A dictionary
  4. A whale
  5. Leonardo da Vinci
  6. The Stone Age

Suggested answers:

  1. A cinema is a place where you can watch films.
  2. A firefighter is a professional who/that extinguishes fires and rescues people.
  3. A dictionary is a book where you can find the definition of a word.
  4. A whale is a big animal which/that lives in the sea.
  5. Leonardo da Vinci was an Italian painter and inventor who lived in the 14th century.
  6. The Stone Age was a period when people used stone to make their tools.

Making suggestions

The objective of this activity is to practise the different forms to make suggestions and to choose the appropriate suggestions in a specific context.

Imagine that a friend tells you that he/she wants to learn English well. Make 6 suggestions telling him/her what he/she could do to reach that objective (use the different forms available to make suggestions).

I’d like to learn English really well. What could I do?

Suggested answers: (the formulas used to make suggestions are in italics)

  1. You could buy a good dictionary.
  2. Why don’t you go to watch films in English?
  3. How about speaking in English as much as possible?
  4. What about doing lots of grammar exercises?
  5. I suggest that you take some English classes in a language school.
  6. I suggest taking a private teacher.

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Looking for a job
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