The second unit is called “Disabilities and mental disorders” because we focus our attention on people who suffer a kind of physical or mental impairment, and who require professional health assistance.

In the first section of the unit there is a text called ‘Mental disorders’, which describes different mental diseases and how to deal with them from a professional point of view. In the second text you will find a classification of physical and psychological disabilities, and the process of adjusting to the situation. In the last text, called ‘Accidents’, you will meet a person who suffers from Alzheimer’s disease and how this can cause accidents at home. You will also find a form to fill in with information about an accident.

The grammar sections introduce three other basic aspects. In section one, you will learn about the different present and past tenses, which are obviously used to speak about the present and the past, respectively. You will see the forms of the verbs and the difference in use between the present simple and continuous, and between the past simple, the past continuous and the present perfect. There is also a reference to the adverbials of time which are normally associated to the present and past tenses. The second section is devoted to explain the adjectives, which are the words used to describe the material world around us and our emotions. There is a special section to introduce the comparative adjectives and adverbs. We use these forms to make comparisons. The third section introduces the prepositions of place and time, which tell us where and when something happens. We’ll learn to destinguish their uses, with specific sections devoted to explain the date formats in English and the way of asking and saying the time. Before this grammar section, you will see the storyline, where you can see some examples of the grammar points in context.

The everyday language sections introduce other examples of this type of language. In the first part of the unit, you will learn the different questions and answers to ask for and give basic personal information, like your name, your age, your address, etc. This type of information is normally included in a friendly conversation with a colleague, or in a more formal situation, it may be part of a job interview. Next, you will see some words and expressions frequently used in telephone conversations. Telephone conversations are very common situations in our daily and working lives, and they require the use of the oral skills and some very specific language. Finally, you will also learn about the ways of giving advice. You give advice when you recommend an action to other people, and for this there are different ways which you can use in different contexts. The emphasis is on the grammatical structures used with each word and expression.

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