Activities

Reading comprehension

The objective of this activity is to practise the comprehension of a written text and write the answers in well-structured and complete sentences.

Read the following text and then answer the questions below.

Senior citizens and health

With age comes complications in one’s health conditions that can be caused by years of neglect, years of poverty or just age. Apart from many issues faced by senior citizens, health is a serious problem. A common sickness is diabetes, the killer disease which attacks most of the organs.

Heart disease is a common condition among seniors. This is a life threatening disease which should be controlled with food and exercise.

Overweight and obesity are also other contributors to ill health faced by senior citizens. Being overweight increases the chances of death due to hypertension, coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, dyslipidemia, respiratory problems and endometrial, breast, prostate and colon cancers.

HIV/AIDS has infected between 11 to 15% of U.S. citizens who are over 50 years of age. Between 1991 and 1996, AIDS in adults over 50 years of age rose more than double as far as in younger adults.

Dementia is not due to aging but can be caused by diseases, reactions to medications, nutritional imbalances, diabetes and renal failure. There are several forms of dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease, and some are only temporary but some can prolong to such an extent that it can be life threatening. The most common health condition is depression. If untreated,it can lead to suicide.

When advancing in age, another problem that is encountered is imbalance. This causes a bigger problem, as this will lead to falling and consequent injuries. To reduce this problem, seniors should be in an exercise program.

Environmental related problems can also affect seniors, as some of the residential homes for seniors are located in low income areas where pollution risks are higher.

Influenza and pneumonia are considered the top 10 causes of death for senior citizens. With their immune system being weak due to age and also lack of nutrition they fall victims to these sicknesses. To aggravate the situation, sicknesses such as influenza is contagious and have serious repercussions when it starts spreading to other inmates.

As one advances in age other common health issues are vision problems. To a great extent, this can be arrested with corrective action by way of surgery and spectacles.

Cholesterol related problems are on the rise due to lack of exercise and proper diet over the years and people resorting to fast food which are so unhealthy and is a contributor to high levels of cholesterol. If not controlled with diet, exercise and medication this could lead to paralysis and other complicated health situations which may lead to death.

Arthritis is also a common condition affecting seniors. This situation can be painful and can inconvenience the daily life of a senior. Throughout life one has to be conscious of being healthy to reduce health issues, as one advances in age.

From www.bizymoms.com

Questions:

  1. Which may be the reasons of poor health in senior citizens?
  2. What causes dementia among the elderly people?
  3. What are the consequences of imbalance?
  4. How can the environment affect seniors’ health?
  5. How can the cholesterol be controlled?

Suggested answers:

  1. The reasons may be years of neglect, years of poverty or just age.
  2. Dementia is caused by diseases, reactions to medications, nutritional imbalances, diabetes and renal failure.
  3. The consequences are that the people who suffer it will fall and be injured.
  4. The environment can affect the seniors’ health because some residential homes are located in low income areas where pollution risks are higher.
  5. It can be controlled with diet, exercise and medication.

Speaking: giving and responding to advice

The objective of this activity is to practise the speaking skills by giving advice.

Read the following situation and then give five appropriate pieces of advice for each one. Record and listen to your sentences to check your pronunciation.

I need to learn English well. Can you please give me some advice?

Now listen to these pieces of advice and respond appropriately:

Responding to advice ( 311.8 KB )

Note: there’s no correct answer to this question. To check your pronunciation, type your answers in the text editor in the ‘Text-to-speech’ website and then listen to the pronunciation. Practise as much as you want by repeating the words that you hear.

Listening comprehension

The aim of this activity is to check your listening comprehension by listening to a text.

Listen to the text and then answer the questions:

Healthcare ( 842.5 KB )

  1. What does the speaker think that all the countries must do?
  2. What can’t the speaker understand?
  3. What is the film ‘Sicko’ about?
  4. Why was Michael Moore amazed when he went to England and France?
  5. Why do lots of Americans go to Cuba?

Suggested answers:

  1. He thinks they must provide free healthcare to their citizens.
  2. He can’t understand why the richest countries don’t provide free healthcare. / He can’t understand why rich country let people die because they cannot pay the hospital.
  3. It’s about America’s healthcare service.
  4. He was amazed because people didn’t have to pay when they went to hospital.
  5. They go to Cuba because they can’t afford healthcare and in Cuba the hospitals treat them for free and give them medicine.

Transcription:

Every country must provide free healthcare to its citizens. I can’t understand why the richest countries in the world don’t do this. It’s shocking that a country can be so rich and let its people die because they cannot pay the hospital. I saw a great movie once on America’s healthcare system. It’s called “Sicko,” directed by Michael Moore. He went to England and France and was amazed that people in those countries didn’t have to pay when they went to hospital. He then went to Cuba. He went with lots of Americans who couldn’t afford healthcare in America. Amazingly, the Cuban hospitals treated them all for free and gave them medicine. They were so happy. I’m sure there’s enough money in the world to provide everyone with free healthcare.

Giving advice

The objective of this activity is to practice different ways of giving advice.

Read the situations below and then give an appropriate piece of advice for each one.

I’ve got a lot of problems. Could you give me some good advice, please?

  1. I’m tired of cleaning the house.
  2. I need money to pay for the rent.
  3. I never see my children.
  4. I can’t see very well.
  5. My legs hurt.

Suggested answers:

  1. I advise you to hire someone to help you at home.
  2. If I were you, I would ask your children to lend you some money.
  3. You should call them more often.
  4. You had better buy a new pair of glasses.
  5. You should sit down and relax.

Anar a la pàgina anterior:
Accidents
Anar a la pàgina següent:
Self-correcting exercices